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April 14, 2024 

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DEMAND SPACE: The area on or beneath a demand curve. Buyers are willing and able to purchase any demand price-quantity demanded combination that places them on or below the demand curve, but not above. The reason is that the demand curve represents the maximum demand price for a given quantity demanded or the maximum quantity demanded for a given demand price.

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PERFECT COMPETITION AND SHORT-RUN SUPPLY CURVE: A perfectly competitive firm's supply curve is that portion of its' marginal cost curve that lies above the minimum of the average variable cost curve. A perfectly competitive firm maximizes profit by producing the quantity of output that equates price and marginal cost. As such, the firm moves along it's marginal cost curve in response to alternative prices. Because the marginal cost curve is positively sloped due to the law of diminishing marginal returns, the firm's supply curve is also positively sloped.

     See also | perfect competition | supply curve | short run | law of supply | marginal cost | marginal cost curve | average variable cost | average variable cost curve | law of diminishing marginal returns | monopoly and perfect competition | perfect competition and demand | perfect competition and efficiency | perfect competition characteristics |


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PERFECT COMPETITION AND SHORT-RUN SUPPLY CURVE, AmosWEB GLOSS*arama, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2024. [Accessed: April 14, 2024].


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MARGINAL REVENUE, MONOPOLISTIC COMPETITION

The change in total revenue resulting from a change in the quantity of output sold. Marginal revenue indicates how much extra revenue a monopolistically competitive firm receives for selling an extra unit of output. It is found by dividing the change in total revenue by the change in the quantity of output. Marginal revenue is the slope of the total revenue curve and is one of two revenue concepts derived from total revenue. The other is average revenue. To maximize profit, a monopolistically competitive firm equates marginal revenue and marginal cost.

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