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URUGUAY ROUND: The eighth and final round of General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) negotiations that is most noted for establishing the World Trade Organization (WTO) to replace GATT. The Uruguay round began in 1986 and was concluded in 1994. In addition to establishing the WTO, the Uruguay round also sought to reduce tariffs and trade restrictions among member countries.

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SUBSTITUTE: In terms of demand (that is, substitute-in-consumption), one of two goods that replace each other in consumption such that an increase in the price of one good leads to an increase in demand and a rightward shift in the demand curve for the other good. If the demand of good 1 increases as the price of good 2 increases, the goods are substitutes-in-consumption. In terms of supply (that is, substitute-in-production), one of two goods that replace each other in either producing using the same resources in an either/or fashion, such that an increase in the price of one good leads to a decrease in supply and a leftward shift in the supply curve for the other good. If the supply of good 1 decreases as the price of good 2 increases, the goods are substitutes-in-production.

     See also | demand | supply | substitute-in-consumption | substitute-in-production | consumption | production | demand curve | supply curve | demand determinants | supply determinants | demand shock | supply shock | comparative statics | elasticity |


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MARGINAL PROPENSITY TO IMPORT

The change in imports purchased from the foreign induced by a change in income or production (national income or gross domestic product). The marginal propensity to import (abbreviated MPM) is another term for the slope of the imports line and is calculated as the change in imports divided by the change in income or production. The MPM plays a role in Keynesian economics. It augments the slope of the aggregate expenditures line and is part to the multiplier process. A related marginal measure is the marginal propensity to consume.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time at a dollar discount store wanting to buy either a rechargeable battery for your camera or a coffee cup commemorating the first day of spring. Be on the lookout for small children selling products door-to-door.
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On a typical day, the United States Mint produces over $1 million worth of dimes.
"How wonderful it is that nobody need wait a single moment before starting to improve the world."

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DCF
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