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MARGINAL REVENUE CURVE, MONOPOLISTIC COMPETITION: A curve that graphically represents the relation between marginal revenue received by a monopolistically competitive firm for selling its output and the quantity of output sold. The marginal revenue curve reflects the degree of market control held by a firm. For a monopolistically competitive firm with some market control, but not a whole lot, the marginal revenue curve is negatively-sloped but relatively elastic.

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TAX: Any sort of forced or coerced payment to government. The primary reason government collects taxes is to get the revenue needed to finance public goods and pay administrative expenses. However, the more astute leaders of the first estate have recognized over the years that taxes have other effects, including--(1) redirecting resources from one good to another and (2) altering the total amount of production in the economy. As such, taxes have been used to correct market failures, equalize the income distribution, achieve efficiency, stabilize business cycles, and promote economic growth.

     See also | government sector | government | public good | first estate | public sector | market failure | income distribution | business cycle | economic growth | efficiency | income tax | personal income tax | corporate income tax | sales tax | capital gains tax | excise tax | value-added tax | Social Security tax | gift tax | inheritance tax | subsidy |


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KEYNESIAN ECONOMICS

A theory of macroeconomics developed by John Maynard Keynes based on the proposition that aggregate demand is the primary source of business-cycle instability and the most important cause of recessions. Keynesian economics points to discretionary government policies, especially fiscal policy, as the primary means of stabilizing business cycles and tends to be favored by those on the liberal end of the political spectrum. The basic principles of Keynesian economics were developed by Keynes in his book, The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money, published in 1936. This work launched the modern study of macroeconomics and served as a guide for both macroeconomic theory and macroeconomic policies for four decades. Although it fell out of favor in the 1980s, Keynesian principles remain important to modern macroeconomic theories, especially aggregate market (AS-AD) analysis.

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APLS

PINK FADFLY
[What's This?]

Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time lost in your local discount super center seeking to buy either a replacement remote control for your television or a replacement nozzle for your shower. Be on the lookout for the last item on a shelf.
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The first paper notes printed in the United States were in denominations of 1 cent, 5 cents, 25 cents, and 50 cents.
"When we do the best we can, we never know what miracle is wrought in our life or in the life of another. "

-- Helen Keller, lecturer, author

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Net Present Value
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